Professor of Commercial Law, Edinburgh University, 1999-2005, Emeritus Professor, since 2005;
Apprentice and Assistant, Morton, Smart, Macdonald & Milligan, WS, Edinburgh, 1967-70;
Court Procurator, Biggart, Lumsden & Co., Glasgow, 1970-72;
Lecturer in Private Law, Glasgow University, 1972-76;
Member, Scottish Law Commission Working Party on Contract Law, 1975-2000;
Senior Lecturer in Private Law, Aberdeen University, 1976-87;
Professor of Scots Law, Dundee University, 1987-99 (Deputy and Vice Principal, 1991-94);
Visiting Professor, L'Université de Paris V, 2000-05;
Van der Grinten Professor of Commercial Law, University of Nijmegen, 2002-07.
Specialist Parliamentary Adviser to House of Lords Select Committee on the European Communities, 1980-83;
Member: Scottish Consumer Council, 1984-87, Scottish Advisory Committee on Arbitration, since 1986, Member, DTI Working Party on Rights in Security over Moveables, since 1994, Member, International Working Group on Principles of Insolvency Law, since 2000;
Director, Scottish Universities’ Law Institute, 1989-95;
Honorary Sheriff, Tayside, Central and Fife, at Dundee, since 1991.
Recreations: walking; photography.