Research Analyst


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Biography

Laura Wise is a Research Analyst for the DFID funded Political Settlements Research Programme. Her primary responsibility is developing the the Peace Agreements Access Tool (PA-X), as part of the programme's Peace Processes project team and Negotiating Peace research theme. She is also a researcher for the UN Women project 'Enhancing Women’s Leadership for Sustainable Peace in Fragile Contexts in the MENA Region', focussing in particular on gender and territorial power-sharing.

Her research examines national and ethnic minority politics in post-conflict societies, with a particular focus on the Western Balkans. She is interested in how majority and minority communities mobilize, and the ways in which minority actors navigate political and institutional opportunity structures, especially those structures that claim to promote minority rights after conflict. 

She has previously been awarded a three-year entrance scholarship and the 2011/2012 International Politics Finalists' Dissertation Prize by Aberystwyth University, an Emily Sarah Montgomery Travel Scholarship by Queen's University Belfast, a JoinEU-SEE Penta Scholarship by the Erasmus Mundus Action 2 Programme and two Early Career Researcher support grants from Edinburgh Law School. 

Laura is currently a serving member of the Edinburgh Law School Equality and Diversity committee.

Current Research Interests

  • Minority rights
  • Ethnic conflict
  • Kin-state politics
  • Power-sharing
  • Focus on Western Balkans (in particular Kosovo, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia)

Biography

Laura Wise is a Research Analyst for the DFID funded Political Settlements Research Programme. Her primary responsibility is developing the the Peace Agreements Access Tool (PA-X), as part of the programme's Peace Processes project team and Negotiating Peace research theme. She is also a researcher for the UN Women project 'Enhancing Women’s Leadership for Sustainable Peace in Fragile Contexts in the MENA Region', focussing in particular on gender and territorial power-sharing.

Her research examines national and ethnic minority politics in post-conflict societies, with a particular focus on the Western Balkans. She is interested in how majority and minority communities mobilize, and the ways in which minority actors navigate political and institutional opportunity structures, especially those structures that claim to promote minority rights after conflict. 

She has previously been awarded a three-year entrance scholarship and the 2011/2012 International Politics Finalists' Dissertation Prize by Aberystwyth University, an Emily Sarah Montgomery Travel Scholarship by Queen's University Belfast, a JoinEU-SEE Penta Scholarship by the Erasmus Mundus Action 2 Programme and two Early Career Researcher support grants from Edinburgh Law School. 

Laura is currently a serving member of the Edinburgh Law School Equality and Diversity committee.

Current Research Interests

  • Minority rights
  • Ethnic conflict
  • Kin-state politics
  • Power-sharing
  • Focus on Western Balkans (in particular Kosovo, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia)

Books and Reports

Laura Wise, Bosnia-Herzegovina case study, (Political Settlements Research Programme, 2017)
Abstract: During the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina from 1992-1995, issues of inclusion and protection of ethno-national groups were key sticking points throughout the peace process. Over twenty years since the Dayton Peace Agreement was signed in 1995, questions of equality and stability continue to challenge attempts to reform Bosnia-Herzegovina’s institutional configuration. This case study traces how ethno-national group inclusion was negotiated both during and after the peace process, and how the complex power-sharing system agreed on in 1995 continues to pose a barrier to wider participation of non-aligned or local minorities. It concludes that the fundamental contradiction between constitutional provisions for institutional discrimination based on proscribed ethno-national identities, and human rights guarantees of equality leaves potential reforms for wider social inclusion at an impasse.

Articles

Laura Wise, 'Joseph R. Rudolph, Jr., and William J. Lahneman, eds., From Mediation to Nation Building: Third Parties and the Management of Communal Conflict ', (2017), Nationalism and Ethnic Politics, Vol 23, pp 254-256

Laura Wise, Timofey Agarin, 'European style electoral politics in an ethnically divided society. The case of Kosovo ', (2017), Südosteuropa, Vol 65, pp 99-124
Abstract: Our paper takes as its starting point the premise that elections are central moments in the life of polities: these are the times when individual citizens demonstrate support or otherwise of political institutions and regimes, assess their accountability and set agendas for the next government. In short, elections allow us to observe whether and how political regimes live up to society’s expectations. This issue has particular resonance in deeply divided societies that have experienced ethnic conflict in the past. In the deeply divided society of Kosovo, local and national elections in 2013 and 2014 presented an opportunity to analyze voter choices and elite agendas, with the presence of ethnopolitical issues under scrutiny. Our paper concludes that the normalization of electoral politics, within the context of European aspirations, has not yet taken place in Kosovo, and that the options available to the electorate continue to be dominated by identity politicking.

Laura Wise, 'Bargaining Chips: Examining the role of Economic Crisis in Serbian Minority-Majority Relations', (2015), Contemporary Southeastern Europe, Vol 2, pp 23 - 42
Abstract: Contemporary ethnic bargaining theory claims that minority ethnopolitical mobilization is best understood through the influence of a third-party actor, whose signals can determine whether a minority will radicalise against or accommodate the position of the state majority. It is a dynamic approach, which Erin Jenne argues goes beyond the limits of explaining minority actions using purely structural features of a group, including economic status. This article questions to what extent, if any, do shifts in the economic status of a minority, host-state and kin state affect the ethnic bargaining game, particularly in times of crisis. It uses a comparative case study of the Albanian and Hungarian minorities in Serbia since 2006, in order to explore whether or not the differences between their mobilization activities can be adequately explained by expanding Jenne’s ethnic bargaining model to include structural economic differences. It concludes that although inclusion of economic status as an additional piece in the ethnic bargaining puzzle does expand the levels of analysis, ultimately it does not address other limitations of using the model to understand minority mobilization.

Laura Wise, 'Constitutional Paradox: Ethno-federal Consociationalism and Refugee Return in post-Dayton Bosnia-Herzegovina ', (2014), Sythesis, Vol 6, pp 19-35
Abstract: In 1995, the peace agreement for the conflict in Bosnia-Herzegovina became one of the latest examples of consociational theory being utilised as a method of conflict management governance in deeply divided societies. Drawing from the work of Arend Lijphart, the Dayton Peace Accord established the institutional design of the future state, which subscribed to the notion that inter-ethnic co-operation is most likely to occur within an ethno-federal power sharing arrangement. This article examines the paradox between the establishment of ethno-federal entities, as a consociational requirement of post-conflict Bosnia-Herzegovina,and the integral importance of refugee returns to pre-war multi-ethnic regions, as stated in Annex VII of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina (GFAP). Rather than simply advocating integrative institutional design as an alternative solution, the experiences of minority refugee returnees in Bosnia-Herzegovina highlight the problematic relationship between the everyday predicaments of displaced individuals, and the implementation of high political theory. This article argues that the reality of refugee returns in Bosnia-Herzegovina has done little to challenge the ethno-federalist features of the GFAP, and thus has not met the expectations of those aiming to successfully achieve the “re-mixing” of ethnic groups.

Working Papers

Laura Wise, 'Plays well with others: Dangerous women at the peace table' 2016
Abstract: Laura Wise shows how women who negotiate peace deals are dangerous–not to the resolution of conflict but to the gendered history of war and diplomacy.

Laura Wise, 'Paying for peace in Presevo ' 2016
Abstract: The recent agreement on providing Albanian-language textbooks for schools in southern Serbia suggests that lessons have been learned from previous relations between Serbia’s Albanian minority, Kosovo, and Albania, and on the role that kin-states can play in southern Serbia’s development.

Laura Wise, 'Would you trust this woman with your country? ' 2016

Laura Wise, 'Out of Serbia ' 2016

Laura Wise, 'Refugee crisis response Event I: The roots of the Syria crisis' 2015

Laura Wise, 'The Implications of Citizen-Surveillance ' 2013

Laura Wise, ''Neo-Ottomanisation' and old narratives: Representing modern Turkey in the Balkans' 2013

Laura Wise, 'Was NATO’s Intervention in Kosovo in 1999 ‘Just’? ' 2013