Research and Teaching Fellow in Global Environmental Law

LLM, MJur, PhD
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Annalisa Savaresi has several years' experience researching, teaching and working with environmental law. Her research focuses on climate change, biodiversity, forestry, environmental liability and the interplay between environmental and human rights law. Her work has been published in numerous peer-reviewed outlets and has been widely cited, including by the United Nations Environment Programme and the  United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues. 

Annalisa has served as a consultant for numerous international organisations, including working as writer for the Earth Negotiation Bulletin published by the International Institute for Sustainable Development. She is member of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) World Commission on Environmental Law, and associate editor of the Review of European, Comparative and International Law.

Since joining the University of Edinburgh Law School in 2012, she has taught undergraduate and postgraduate modules in international, European and comparative environmental law, as well as interdisciplinary modules in climate change law and policy at the School of Geosciences. She is furthermore visiting lecturer at the University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK; Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy; and Universidad de la Sabana, Bogota, Colombia.

Annalisa collaborates with two research projects funded by the European Research Council at Edinburgh University: BENELEX, 'Benefit-sharing for an equitable transition to the green economy - the role of law' (School of Law); and LUC4C, 'Land-use change: assessing the net climate forcing, and options for climate change mitigation and adaptation' (School of Geosciences). She is member of the Global Environment and Society Academy and of the Scottish Centre for International Law.

Courses Taught

EU and National Climate Change Law (LLM)

Global Environmental Law (Honours)

International Climate Change Law (LLM)

Journal Articles

Annalisa Savaresi 'REDD+ and Human Rights: Addressing Synergies between International Regimes' (2013) Ecology and Society 18(3) 5

Elisa Morgera, Annalisa Savaresi 'A Conceptual and Legal Perspective on the Green Economy' (2013) Review of European Community and International Environmental Law 22(1) 14

Annalisa Savaresi 'The Human Rights Dimension of REDD' (2012) Review of European Community and International Environmental Law 21(2) 102

Annalisa Savaresi 'Reducing Emissions from Deforestation in Developing Countries under the UNFCCC. Caveats and Opportunities for Biodiversity' (2011) Yearbook of International Environmental Law 22(1) 41


Annalisa Savaresi 'EU and US Non-state Actors and Climate Governance' in Christine Bakker and Francesco Francioni (eds) The EU, The US and Global Climate Governance (Ashgate, 2014)

Annalisa Savaresi 'The Protection of Biodiversity and Ecological Connectivity in the International Arena' in Mariachiara Alberton (eds) Toward the Protection of Biodiversity and Ecological Connectivity in Multi-Layered Systems (Nomos, 2013)

Annalisa Savaresi 'Reducing Emissions from Deforestation in Developing Countries under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. A New Opportunity for Promoting Forest Conservation?' in F. Maes, A. Cliquet, W. du Plessis and H. McLeod-Kilmurray (eds) Biodiversity and Climate Change: Linkages at International, National and Local Levels (Edward Elgar, 2013)

Annalisa Savaresi 'The Role of REDD in the Harmonization of Overlapping International Obligations' in Erkki Hollo, Kati Kulovesi and Michael Mehling (eds) Climate Change and the Law (Springer, 2013)

Annalisa Savaresi 'The International Human Rights Law Implications of the Nagoya Protocol' in Elisa Morgera, Elsa Tsioumani, Matthias Buck (eds) The 2010 Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-sharing in Perspective: Implications for International Law and Implementation Challenges (Martinus Nijhoff, 2012)

Annalisa Savaresi 'EU External Action on Forests: FLEGT and the Development of International Law' in Elisa Morgera The External Environmental Policy of the European Union: EU and International Law Perspectives (Cambridge University Press, 2012)

Annalisa Savaresi, Elisa Morgera 'Ownership of Land and Carbon' in John Costenbader (eds) Legal Frameworks for REDD. Design and Implementation at the National Level. IUCN Environmental Law and Policy Paper No. 77 (IUCN, 2009)

Annalisa Savaresi 'A Rights-Based Approach to Forest Conservation' in Thomas Greiber (eds) Conservation with Justice: A Rights-based Approach. IUCN Environmental Law and Policy Paper No. 71 (IUCN, 2009)

Annalisa Savaresi 'The Human Rights Implications of Access to Genetic Resources and the Equitable Sharing of the Benefits Arising from Their Utilization' in Tomme Young (eds) Covering ABS: Papers and Studies Addressing the Need for Sectoral, Geographical, Legal and International Integration in the ABS Regime. IUCN Environmental Law and Policy Paper No. 67 (IUCN, 2009)

Notes and Reviews

Annalisa Savaresi 'Durban Platform for Enhanced Action: Progress at Last?' (2015) Environmental Policy and Law 45(2) p 50

Annalisa Savaresi 'Subsidiary Bodies Moving Glacially Toward a Paris Agreement' (2015) Environmental Policy and Law 45(3) p108

Annalisa Savaresi 'UNFCCC/COP-20: A Draft Negotiating Text Emerges' (2015) Environmental Policy and Law 45(1) 10

Annalisa Savaresi 'EU Climate Policy. The Journey Thus Far' (2014) Carbon and Climate Law Review 4 298

Annalisa Savaresi 'UNFCCC Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform' (2014) Environmental Policy and Law 44(6) 492

Annalisa Savaresi 'The UN Climate Summit: A Glimmer of Hope' (2014) Environmental Policy and Law 44(5) 416

Annalisa Savaresi 'The UNFCCC Subsidiary Bodies' Constant Quest for Momentum' (2014) Environmental Policy and Law Vol 44(4) 359

Annalisa Savaresi 'Environmental Law and Sustainability After Rio' (2014) Climate Law 4(1-2) 198

Annalisa Savaresi 'Durban Platform: Inching towards a Negotiation Text' (2014) Environmental Policy and Law 44(3) 288

Annalisa Savaresi 'INC-Forests Resumed session meets institutional impasse' (2013) Environmental Policy and Law 43(6) pp 323-324

Annalisa Savaresi 'Europe / INC-Forests3 - Framework Negotiations Continue' (2013) Environmental Policy and Law 102-10443(2)
Abstract: The Third Session of the Intergovernmental Negotiation Committee for a Legally Binding Agreement on Forests in Europe (INC-Forests3) convened between 28 January and 1 February 2013 in Antalya, Turkey. Pursuant to the Oslo Ministerial Mandate, the INC-Forests has been established to develop "a holistic legally binding framework forest agreement", strengthening cooperation between the States of the European continent.1 The Committee, presided over by forest veteran Jan Heino (Finland), has been entrusted to agree upon a set of forest matters that have long eluded international regulation, including measures designed to, inter alia, enhance the contribution of forests to climate change mitigation, halt the loss of forest biodiversity, and tackle illegal logging and the associated trade. 2 It is expected that the final agreement will be considered, and possibly adopted and opened for signature, at an extraordinary FOREST EUROPE Ministerial Conference to be held by the end of 2013.3 INC-Forests3 was attended by representatives from 35 countries and the EU, as well as observers from the Government of Japan and 18 intergovernmental, national and international non-governmental organisations. In Antalya, delegates discussed the draft negotiating text for a legally binding agreement4 and a roadmap for further negotiations, as well as the question of whether or not to bring the agreement under the United Nations umbrella. This review summarises progress on each of these points. © 2013 IOS Press.

Annalisa Savaresi 'National Courts and EU Environmental Law' (2013) Environmental Liability 21(4)

Annalisa Savaresi 'UNFCCC COP19: Just Another Climate Conference' (2013) Environmental Policy and Law 43(6) 284

Annalisa Savaresi 'Climate Change and the International Forest Regime. A REDD Revolution?' (2013) Carbon and Climate Law Review 2 144

Annalisa Savaresi 'INC Forests 4 Negotiations Resume' (2013) Environmental Policy and Law 43(4-5) 212

Annalisa Savaresi 'Durban Platform - First Steps' (2013) Environmental Policy and Law 43(3) 127

Annalisa Savaresi 'Climate Change and Justice' (2013) Transnational Environmental Law 2(1) 198

Annalisa Savaresi 'INC Forests 3 Negotiations' (2013) Environmental Policy and Law 43(2) 102

Annalisa Savaresi 'UNFCCC COP18: Marginal Progress and Challenges Ahead' (2013) Environmental Policy and Law 43 (1) 18

Annalisa Savaresi 'EU Developments in Environmental Law' (2012) Environmental Policy and Law 42(6) 365

Annalisa Savaresi 'Forests, Economics and Climate Change' (2011) Climate Law 2(3) 439

Working Papers

Annalisa Savaresi 'The Legal Status and Role of REDD-Plus Safeguards', Edinburgh Law School Working Paper Series, 2015/24 (SSRN, 2015) [Download]
Abstract: This chapter analyses the legal status and role of REDD-Plus safeguards. It first explains what 'safeguards' are and how they are used in international law, to then clarify why REDD-Plus safeguards were adopted, what they require, and their status in international law and the role they play within the overall legal landscape on REDD-Plus. The chapter furthermore assesses the relationship of REDD-Plus safeguards with States' international obligations and their interpretation by international initiatives established beyond the scope of the UNFCCC, highlighting their specificities and dissimilarities.

Annalisa Savaresi 'The Emergence of Benefit-Sharing Under the Climate Regime: A Preliminary Exploration and Research Agenda', BENELEX Working Papers, 3 (SSRN, 2014) [Download]
Abstract: This paper analyzes the increasing currency of benefit-sharing in the climate regime and its potential to contribute to engendering greater equity in climate governance. Though benefit-sharing is not explicitly mentioned in the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change or in the Kyoto Protocol, the international climate regime raises a host of equity questions that have been at least in part addressed by making explicit or implicit reference to the notion of benefit-sharing. This paper maps the use of the benefit-sharing notion in the climate regime, with the objective of developing a research agenda towards ascertaining whether there is any overall coherence in the way it has been termed and interpreted, as well as its potential to better integrate human rights and environmental objectives in climate governance. In order to achieve this, the paper first introduces the main equity questions arising in the climate regime at the inter- and the intra-State levels, to then analyze them through a benefit-sharing lens. The conclusions articulate a series of research questions for further investigation, as well as a preliminary reflection on the implications of investigating equity in the climate regime from a benefit-sharing perspective.

Papers and Presentations

Annalisa Savaresi 'Forests and Climate Change: An International Law-making Odyssey' presented at Smart Mixes in Relation to Forest and Climate Change Governance, University of Amsterdam, 2015

Elisa Morgera, Annalisa Savaresi, Elsa Tsioumani 'Benefit-sharing as a Means to Operationalise Equity in Managing Protected Areas and Sustainable Landscapes, and Ensuring Community Livelihoods' presented at Biodiversity, Sustainable Development and the Law, University of Cambridge, 2015

Annalisa Savaresi 'Traditional knowledge and benefit-sharing in the 2015 agreement' presented at Our Common Future under Climate Change, Paris, 2015

Annalisa Savaresi 'Benefit-sharing in Environmental Law: International and European Perspectives. A Case-study in International Climate Change Law' presented at Ius Commune Conference 2014, Edinburgh, 2014

Annalisa Savaresi 'The Emergence of Benefit-sharing under the Climate Regime. Towards Greater Equity?' presented at UNITAR-Yale Conference on Environmental Governance and Democracy, Yale University, 2014

Annalisa Savaresi 'Natural Resource Grabbing: The Case of Tropical Forests and REDD+' presented at Natural resources grabbing: erosion or legitimate exercise of State sovereignty?, University of Cagliari, 2013

Annalisa Savaresi 'EU and US Non-State Actors and Climate Governance: a Comparative Analysis' presented at ASIL/ESIL Symposium 'The Changing Nature of International Environmental Law: Evolving Approaches of the United States and the European Union', Graduate Institute of Geneva, 2013

Annalisa Savaresi, Elisa Morgera 'The Green Economy - International and EU Law Perspectives' presented at Legal Frameworks for Sustainable Development, Rio+20 Side Event (Graduate Institute of Geneva), Rio De Janeiro, 2012

Annalisa Savaresi 'The Human Rights Dimension of REDD' presented at Lund Conference on Earth System Governance: Towards Just and Legitimate Earth System Governance - Addressing Inequalities, Lund, Sweden, 2012

Annalisa Savaresi 'REDD and Human Rights. Addressing Synergies between International Regimes' presented at Beyond carbon: ensuring justice and equity in REDD+ across levels of governance, Oxford, 2012

Annalisa Savaresi 'The Role of NGOs in the Global Environmental System' presented at Transworld Workshop, EUI, Florence, 2012

Annalisa Savaresi 'The Role of REDD+ in Harmonising Overlapping International Obligations' presented at Nordic Environmental Law, Governance and Science Network, 'Climate Change Regulation', University of Helsinki, 2011

Annalisa Savaresi 'The Nagoya Protocol in Perspective: Implications for International Human Rights Law' presented at The 2010 Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-sharing: Implications for International Law and Implementation Challenges', University of Edinburgh, 2011

Annalisa Savaresi 'An International Framework for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation and Enhancing Carbon Stocks in Developing Countries' presented at Nordic Environmental Law, Governance and Science Network, 'Globalization and Europeanization of Environmental Law & Policy', University of Copenhagen, 2010

Annalisa Savaresi 'Reducing Emissions from Deforestation under the UNFCCC. A New Opportunity for Promoting Forest Conservation?' presented at 'Linkages between Biodiversity and Climate Change' 8th Colloquium of the IUCN Academy of Environmental Law, University of Ghent, 2010

Annalisa Savaresi 'Reducing Emissions from Deforestation under the UNFCCC. A New Opportunity for Forest Governance?' presented at Law for Social-Ecological Resilience, University of Stockholm, 2010

Annalisa Savaresi 'An International Framework for Reducing Green House Gases Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries' presented at State Sovereignty, International Law and Ecological Integrity, Florence, 2009

Annalisa Savaresi 'The Pursuit of Environmental Protection before the European Court of Human Rights' presented at Socio-Legal Studies Association Annual Conference, University of Stirling, 2006