Professor of European Union Studies: Dean International (Europe)

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Drew Scott is an economist by training, and has for many years researched and taught European economic integration. He has published widely in the area, most recently on subsidiarity, economic and monetary union and economic and social cohesion. He has acted as expert to various EC agencies, including the European Commission and the Statistical Office of the EU. Prior to joining the University of Edinburgh, Drew Scott was Lecturer in Economics at Heriot-Watt University. His current research includes the impact of devolution on the UK's European policy-process, and problems of economic policy coordination in a devolved UK. From 1991-98 Drew was joint editor of the Journal of Common Market Studies.

Drew delivered his inaugural lecture on 13 April, 2004, on the topic "Regions and European Union Governance: Lessons from Scotland". The text of the lecture can be found here.

Drew Scott is Co-Director (with Professor Jo Shaw) of the Europa Institute.


Professor Andrew Scott's Homepage at Edinburgh Law School

Courses Taught

EU Law (Honours)

European Institutions (Honours) (Course Organiser)

European Studies Dissertation 1 (Honours) (Others) (Course Organiser)

European Studies Dissertation 2 (Honours) (Others) (Course Organiser)

Scottish Legal System (Ordinary)

Books and Reports

Andrew Scott, Simon Bulmer, Martin Burch, Patricia Hogwood, British Devolution and European Policy-Making: Transforming Britain into Multi-Level Governance, (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2003)
Abstract: In 1999 the Blair government introduced British devolution as part of a major program of constitutional reform. This development posed major questions concerning how relations with the EU would be affected. Previously, policymaking in the UK had been centralized on Whitehall and Westminster. However, devolution to Scotland and Wales introduced new actors; the Scottish Executive and Parliament, and the National Assembly for Wales. This study explores the institutional changes designed to accommodate these devolved authorities, while maintaining a central role for the UK government.

Andrew Scott, Zenon Bankowski, The European Union and Its Order: The Legal Theory of European Integration, (Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 1999)
Abstract: Born of a series of research seminars, supported by the ESRC and the European Law Journal, this book tackles the most pressing issue raised by intensified European integration: the demise of sovereign states and the design of theoretical frameworks within which issues of post-national democracy and legal legitimacy might be considered. Decoupling law from state, the various contributions raise fundamental questions about the political legitimacy and constitutionality of the European Union's normative order, and begin to develop new structures for the meaningful evaluation of post-statal organization. Still firmly rooted in a liberalized market, but now also concerned with far broader political and social issues, the EU has challenged the traditionally strict demarcation between law, political science and economics. By bringing together all three disciplines to study the legal theory implications of the EU, this book offers its readers a novel methodology: analyzing the constitutionalization of the European legal order with an eye to real-world political and economic concerns.

Andrew Scott, Simon Bulmer, Economic and Political Integration in Europe: Internal Dynamics and Global Context, (Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 1994)
Abstract: Over the last decade there have been significant advances in the economic and political integration of Europe, and in the regional integration of the global economy. This study brings together academics from the disciplines of economics, political science and law to reflect on the key theoretical and policy issues arising from this new phase of integration. The study is organized around several themes: the dynamics of regional integration in a comparative context; the dynamics of political integration; conceptualizing Europe's foreign policy role; the governance of the European Community; monetary integration; industrial integration; and the legal framework. Also included are an opening "keynote" article reflecting on the challenges offered by pan-European integration, and a concluding discussion of the research agenda for the 1990s. The book offers insights into the phenomenon of integration in the 1990s.


Andrew Scott, Adam Rushworth, 'Decisions of British Courts during 2012 Involving Questions of Public or Private International Law: B. Private International Law', (2012), British Yearbook of International Law, Vol 83, pp 271-97

Lee M Krug, Daniel T Milton, Achim A Jungbluth, Lin-Chi Chen, Emilio Quaia, Neeta Pandit-Taskar, Andrew Nagel, Jessica Jones, Mark G Kris, Ronald Finn, Peter Smith-Jones, Andrew M Scott, Lloyd Old, Chaitanya Divgi, 'Targeting Lewis Y (Le(y)) in small cell lung cancer with a humanized monoclonal antibody, hu3S193: a pilot trial testing two dose levels', (2007), Journal of Thoracic Oncology, Vol 2, pp 947-52
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Lewis Y (Le(y)) is a blood group antigen with robust expression on the surface of epithelial tumors, including small cell lung cancer (SCLC), making it a potential target for antibody-based immunotherapy. 3S193, an immunoglobulin G3 monoclonal antibody, has demonstrated superior specificity, affinity, and cytotoxicity over other anti-Le(y) antibodies. A phase I trial of humanized 3S193 (hu3S193) with dosing up to 40 mg/m2 demonstrated tumor targeting without serious toxicities or the development of human anti-human antibodies.METHODS: We tested the targeting and pharmacokinetics of hu3S193 in patients with SCLC. Eligibility required progressive SCLC treated with up to three previous chemotherapy regimens, measurable disease not previously irradiated, and tumor samples positive for 3S193 by immunohistochemistry. Patients received four weekly injections of hu3S193, five patients at 10 mg/m2 and five patients at 20 mg/m2. The first and fourth injections were radiolabeled with indium-111 for gamma camera imaging.RESULTS: Of 40 patients screened, 25 of 34 (74%) assessable SCLC tumor samples were 3S193 positive by immunohistochemistry. Ten patients were treated with hu3S193; nine completed all four injections. All fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-avid lesions >2 cm were visualized on antibody single-photon emission computed tomography. Some lesions overlying vascular structures could not be visualized. No difference was noted in imaging or pharmacokinetics between the first and fourth injections. Toxicities included grade 2 urticaria (n = 1), grade 1 vomiting (n = 2), and grade 2 hypertension (n = 1) transiently after infusion at the higher dose.CONCLUSIONS: Given the strong tumor targeting, particularly at the higher dose, the favorable toxicity profile, and the potential for immunomodulatory effects, hu3S193 warrants further investigation in SCLC.

Andrew Scott, Simon Bulmer, Martin Burch, Patricia Hogwood, 'UK Devolution and the European Union: A Tale of Cooperative Asymmetry?', (2006), Publius, Vol 36, pp 75-93
Abstract: The post-1999 devolution project has resulted in a major recalibration of the preexisting 5 arrangements for making European Union policy within the United Kingdom. The devolved administrations in Scotland and Wales (but not the English regions) have gained in electoral legitimacy and legislative powers, and thereby have a greater claim to consultation with UK central government. Four key characteristics of European Union policymaking in a devolved United Kingdom are identified. The legal contingency of he ‘‘devolveds’’ status 10 has not yet impeded traditional cooperative relations between government tiers, but the stability of the new arrangements remains in question. The UK case is compared with European Union regionalization in other member states and a distinction is drawn between a cooperative regionalist approach (the devolveds) and a consultative one (the English regions).

Andrew Scott, 'The UK Approach to Vertical Restraints of Competition: Report to the XVIIth International Congress of Comparative Law, July 2006', (2006), Electronic Journal of Comparative Law, Vol 10
Abstract: Many systems of competition law have adopted an ambivalent approach to vertical agreements. In the main, such agreements—for example, distribution agreements, purchasing agreements, or franchising agreements—are considered to be pro-competitive. Under specific circumstances, however, it is thought that they may yet cause harm to consumer welfare. On the introduction of the new competition regime in the UK under the Competition Act 1998, this ambivalence was reflected in the exclusion of vertical agreements from the ambit of the Chapter I prohibition (that on anti-competitive agreements) to leave them potentially subject to challenge only when utilised by dominant firms (under Chapter II). This arrangement has since been revised. The aim of this survey is to review and explain the current UK approach, as influenced by the equivalent EC law, to the assessment of vertical agreements.

Andrew Scott, Burch Martin, Gomez Ricardo, Hogwood Patricia, 'Devolution, Change and European Union Policy-making in the UK ', (2005), Regional Studies, Vol 39, pp 465-75

Andrew Scott, Andrew Hughes-Hallett, 'Scotland and European Monetary Union: An Introduction', (2003), Scottish Affairs, Vol 45, pp 3-19

Andrew Scott, Andrew Hughes-Hallett, 'Scotland and EMU: Constraints on Policy Discretion in a Globalised Economy', (2003), Scottish Affairs, Vol 45, pp 44-59

Andrew Scott, 'The Role of Concordats in the New Governance of Britain: Taking Subsidiarity Seriously?', (2001), Edinburgh Law Review, Vol 5, pp 21-48
Abstract: Devolution has changed fundamentally the system of governance within the UK The devolution of legislative and administrative competencies over a wide range of policies to Scotland and Wales necessitated the introduction of arrangements for policy co-operation and co-ordination involving UK Government and the devolved administrations. These arrangements are set out in concordats. This article considers why the concordats were necessary, and analyses their role as devices for maintaining coherence in, and legitimacy of, UK governance in the face of the challenges raised by devolution. It then extends the analysis of concordats to an examination of the role that sub-national authorities generally might play in multi-level governance systems. It does so by concentrating on the subsidiarity debate in EU governance, and considers whether this concept can be applied to inform the structure of policy assignment in that multi-level governance system. The lessons gleaned from a study of UK devolution suggest that subsidiarity, while a potentially useful framework for assigning powers between national and supranational levels within a trans-national governance system, has little relevance when applied to the role of sub-national governance in trans-national systems.

Andrew Scott, P. Hogwood, S. Bulmer, M. Burch, Catriona Carter, 'Devolution and EU Policy Making: The Territorial Challenge', (2000), Public Policy and Administration, Vol 15, pp 81-95
Abstract: This paper seeks to document the impact of structural and organisational change brought about through devolution on the UK's handling of European policy, and thereby to illustrate the nature of the new multi-level governance in the devolving UK. In the context of arrangements prior to devolution, we examine distinctive features of the new constitutional and structural framework of EU policy-making; the guidelines and conventions for the multi-levelled management of policy in this area; and the impact of central versus territorial political and cultural features. Employing an historical-institutionalist approach and drawing on a series of elite interviews conducted in London, Edinburgh, Cardiff and Brussels, we consider the impact of distinctive features of the devolution arrangements on European policy making. These include the ad hoc nature of the devolution process; 'constitutional asymmetry'; and problems of 'policy overlap' and 'policy contagion'. We find that the ongoing process of devolution is increasing the administrative and political complexity of European policy making in ways which potentially challenge the customary UK policy co-ordination and coherence in such matters. Whereas during the initial 'constitutive' phase of the devolution process continuity of past administrative practice has prevailed, the devolved authorities in Scotland and Wales have the potential to introduce a stronger territorial input into European policy making.

Andrew Scott, Catriona Carter, 'Legitimacy and Governance Beyond the European Nation State: Conceptualising Governance in the European Union', (1998), European Law Journal, Vol 4, pp 429-46
Abstract: Examines the legitimacy problems on governance in the European Union. Origins and nature of its legitimacy crisis; Comparison between its nationhood and citizenship; Conclusions.

Andrew Scott, Francis Snyder, Zenon Bankowski, 'Guest Editorial ', (1998), European Law Journal, Vol 4, pp 337
Abstract: Discusses the development of a legal order in the European Union. Role of law in its political and economic framework; Views about its polity.


Andrew Scott, 'After Barnett, After Calman ' in Gerry Hassan, Rosie Ilett (ed.) Radical Scotland (Luath Press 2011) 63-74

Andrew Scott, 'The Political Economy of Enlargement ' in Fraser Cameron (ed.) The Future of Europe (Routledge 2004) 80-97

Andrew Scott, 'Analysing the Democratic Deficit - Methodological Priors ' in J. H. H. Weiler, Iain Begg, John Peterson (ed.) Integration in an Expanding European Union (Blackwell Publishing Ltd 2003) 99-102

Andrew Scott, 'Europe ' in John Osmond, J. Barry Jones (ed.) Birth of Welsh Democracy (Institute for Welsh Affairs 2003) 275-290

Andrew Scott, 'European Monetary Union ' in Western Europe 2002 (Europa Publications 2002) 23-28

Andrew Scott, 'European Business and the Executives ' in Simon Bulmer, Martin Burch, Caitríona Carter, Patricia Hogwood, Andrew Scott (ed.) British Devolution and European Policy-Making (Basingstoke: Palgrave 2002) 33-70

Andrew Scott, 'Economic Survey of Western Europe ' in Western Europe 2002 (Europa Publications 2002) 16-22

Andrew Scott, 'Theories of Regional Economic Integration and the Global Economy ' in The European Union Handbook (Fitzroy Dearborn 2002) 103-116

Andrew Scott, 'Legitimacy and Governance Beyond the European Nation State Conceptualising Governance in the European Union' in Andrew Scott, Zenon Bankowski (ed.) The European Union and Its Order (Blackwell Publishing Ltd 1999) 131-48

Andrew Scott, 'European Monetary Union and the Economic Impact ' in Paul Beaumont, Neil Walker (ed.) Legal Framework of the Single European Currency (Hart 1999) 37-57

Andrew Scott, 'Economic and Monetary Union in Europe ' in Bill Jones (ed.) Political Issues in Britain Today (Manchester University Press 1999) 397-417

Andrew Scott, 'The European Union? ' in Richard Bellamy (ed.) Constitutionalism, Democracy and Sovereignty (Avebury, Aldershot 1996) 77-95

Conference Papers

Andrew Scott, 'The (Missing) Regional Dimension to the Lisbon Process ' 2005
Abstract: The central argument developed in the paper is that the governance of the LS lacks a structured regional dimension, and that this omission is a major weakness of the entire process. The resulting weakness is twofold. First, as a matter of achieving the substantive Lisbon objectives within the economic pillar, the absence of a structured regional dimension risks excluding from the strategy a range of sub-state overnments, administrations and economic stakeholders responsible for devising and delivering those economic policies 'locally' which will shape the overall rate of growth of output and employment across the EU. Socio-economic development actually occurs at the local level, yet there is no EU-wide discussion on the best-practice approach to including local economic players within the Lisbon process generally, or the OMC overnance arrangement specifically. Instead, the LS is essentially a top-down strategy. Second, the absence of a formal role for local economic governance and stakeholders to be involved in the Lisbon process risks weakening the legitimacy of the venture. The principle of subsidiarity asserts that decisions should be taken as closely to the citizen as possible. This principle is designed not only to ensure that policies are shaped according to differing local circumstances, but also to maximise the involvement of 'local' stakeholders in the setting the objectives and designing the delivery of economic policies. The OMC process which governs the LS makes little or no mention to this principle. This paper focuses entirely on the economic, or competitiveness strand of the Lisbon process.