Asya Ostroukh

'Reception of the French Civil Code in Quebec, Louisiana and Francophone Switzerland'

Specialist (Law), Candidate of Legal Sciences

Biography

Research outline

The project is aimed at studying the French civil code (Code Napoléon) of 1804 influence on the civil codes of Quebec (Civil Code of Lower Canada of 1866), Louisiana (Digest of civil laws of 1808, Civil code of 1825) and Francophone cantons of Switzerland (Geneva, Bernese Jura, Vaud, Valais, Neuchatel, Fribourg). The research concerns not only the reception of positive law of one country by positive law of another, but also the reception of legal tradition of one society by another society. The study seeks to delineate the modifications that the same law undergoes under different social and political conditions that exist within different nations. The place that a civil code occupies in the national identity of the francophones of the regions in question will be thoroughly sifted. The reaction of the francophone communities to the waning influence of the French legal tradition will be taken into consideration as well.

Another objective for the research is to examine the correlation between law and language and the role of language issues in evolution/involution of French-originated civil law. I would like to compare three different socio-legal situations. First is the Quebec society that managed to preserve both the French language and the French-originated law. Second is the Louisiana society that preserved the French-originated law but failed to preserve the French language. Third is the Francophone cantons of Switzerland that kept the French language but didn’t preserve the French originated law.

Education

2010 Ph.D., University of Edinburgh
1998-2002 Candidate of Legal Sciences (Legal Theory, Legal History & History of Legal Thought), Institute for State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow Russia
1993-1998 Specialist in Law, (Hons) First Class, Kuban State University Law School, Krasnodar Russia

Languages

Russian
English (IELTS: 8.0)
French (certificat en traduction anglais-français; note 5.5 sur 6)
Spanish (B1)

2010 United Nations Competitive Recruitment Examination for Russian Language Translators/Précis Writers, passed

Professional Experience

Position

2002-2010 Associate Professor, Kuban State University Law School, Krasnodar Russia
2000-2002 Assistant Professor, Kuban State University Law School

Other activities

2010-2012 Assesment of projects in law for Fulbright Program (Russia)

Honours, awards, scholarships

2011 British Association for Canadian Studies Travel Award
2010 Edinburgh Law School PhD Scholarship Award
2010 Fulbright Program Faculty Research Scholarship
2008 - 2009 Swiss Confederation Scholarship
2008 International Institute of Human Rights Scholarship
2008 Krasnodar Regional Administration Letter of Citation
2008 International Council for Canadian Studies Faculty Research Scholarship
2008 Russian National Scientific Foundation for Humanities Travel-grant
2007 Government of Canada Award
2004 Onati International Institute for the Sociology of Law Residential Grant
2001 Open Society Institute Travel-grant
1996-1998 Krasnodar Regional Administration Scholarship

Papers and Presentations (2005-2010)

  • 'Russian Society and its Civil Codes: an Historical Survey' presented at Louisiana State University Law Center, Baton Rouge USA, 20 April, 2010.
  • 'Place of Civil Law in Russia and the Place of Russia in Civil Law' presented at Annual Meeting of Louisiana Chapter of the Association Henri Capitant, Baton Rouge USA, 9 April, 2010
  • 'On Development of Comparative Law in Canada in Switzerland' presented at Annual National Readings in memoriam of the academician Vladik Sumbatovich Nerssessyantz, Institute for State and Law Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow Russia, 2 October, 2009
  • 'Mixed Legal Systems in North America: Quebec and Louisiana' presented at Univeristé de Neuchâtel Faculty of Law, 9 March, 2009
  • 'Renaissance of Philosophy of Law in Contemporary Russia' presented at Law and Society Association Annual Meeting, Montreal Canada, 29 May – 1 June, 2008
  • 'La personne du romaniste et la république russe (1917-2006)' presented at International Conference: Personne et Res publica, Université de Montréal, Montreal Canada, 27-28 April, 2007
  • 'La société russe et son droit civil: un aperçu historique' presented at Université Laval Faculty of Law, Quebec Canada, 16 April, 2007
Selected Publications (2000-2010)

Books
  • Uchenie Benthama o prave (Bentham’s Legal Doctrine) (Krasnodar KubGU, 2002)
Journal articles
  • 'Grazhdanskiy codex Nizhnei Canady 1866 g.: tvorcheskaya receptziya Codexa Napoleona' (Civil Code of Lower Canada: a Creative Reception of the Code Napoléon) (2009) Istoriya gosudarstva i prava vol. 23, pp. 28-31
  • 'Jeremy Bentham o ponyatii i sushnosti prava' (Jeremy Bentham on the Notion and Essence of the Law) (2002) Izvestiya vuzov. Pravovedenie vol. 5, pp. 222-231
  • 'Jeremy Bentham i ego rabota «Istina protiv Eshhersta»' (Jeremy Bentham and his work Truth versus Ashurst) (2004) Novaya pravovaya mysl vol. 2. pp.59-62
  • 'Izuchenie bentamovskoi pravovoi teorii i prava cheloveka v Rossii (istoricheskii ekskurs)' (Studies of Bentham’s Legal Theory and Human Rights in Russia: an Historical Survey) (2003) Novaya pravovaya mysl Vol. 2 pp. 36-40
Chapters
  • 'La personne du romaniste et la République russe (1917-2006)' in Bouineau Jacques (ed.) Personne et res publica. Volume II. (Paris: L’Harmattan, 2008) pp. 175-190.
  • 'Vliyanie kodeksa Napoleona na grazhdanskoe zakonodatel'stvo zarubezhnyh stran' (Influence of the Code Napoléon on Civil Legislation of Foreign Countries) in Yuridicheskaya nauka v XXI veke: teoreticheskie razrabotki i prakticheskie voplosheniya: Materialy mezhdunarodnoi nauchnoi konferenciy. Chast I. (Orel, 2008) pp. 49-60.
  • 'Vliyanie myslitelei russkogo proishozhdeniya na razvitie zapadnoi sociologii prava' (Influence of Thinkers of the Russian Origin on the Development of Western Sociology of Law) in Voprosy prava i sociologii. Mezhregionalnoe nauchnoe izdanie (Volgograd: Izd-vo VRO MSYu, 2004). pp. 16-18.
  • 'George Orwell o totalitarnom prave' (George Orwell on Totalitarian Law) in Uchenye zapiski yuridicheskogo faculteta Kubanskogo gossudarstvennogo universiteta (Krasnodar: KubGU, 2003) pp. 23-31
  • 'Y.I. Zamyatin o totalitarnom gosudarstve i prave' (Y.I. Zamyatin on Totalitarian State and Law) in Pravo kak yavlenie kultury (Krasnodar, 2002) pp. 163-177
  • 'Jeremy Bentham ob ierarhii istochnikov prava' (Jeremy Bentham on Hierarchy of Sources of Law) in Istochniki (formy) prava: voprosy teorii i istorii. Materialy vserossiiskoi nauchnoi konferentzy (Krasnodar: KubGU, 2002) pp. 132-138
  • 'Jeremy Bentham o prave sobstvennosti' (Jeremy Bentham on Property Law) in Pravo sobstvennosti v russkoi i zapadnoi tradicii: istoriya i sovremennost (Krasnodar: KubGU, 2001) pp. 133-148
  • 'Kritika J. Benthamom Deklaracii prav cheloveka i grazhdanina 1789g' (Bentham’s Critics of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen of 1789) in Aktualnye problemy istorii gosudarstva i prava, politicheskih i pravovyh uchenii. Materialy mezhdunarodnoi konferentziy (Samara: Kredo, 2001) pp. 530-532
  • 'O vliyanii idei J. Benthama na pravovye vzglyady Rudolf von Jheringa' (On the Influence of Jeremy Bentham’s Thought on the Legal Doctrine of Rudolf von Jhering) in Stati i tezissy dokladov aspirantov i soiskatelei Instituta gosudarstva i prava Rossiiskoi akademii nauk (Moscva, 2001) pp. 152-161
  • 'Antiutopiya Y.I. Zamyatina protiv totalitarizma' (Y.I.Zamyatin’s Dystopia against Totalitarianism) in Rossiiskaya utopiya epokhi Prosvesheniya i tradicii mirovogo utopizma (Sankt-Peterburg, 2000) pp. 338-349
Translations
  • Normand S. 'Ponyatie modalnosti prava sobstvennosti' (Russian translation of Normand Sylvio 'La notion de modalité de la propriété') (2009) Izvestiya vuzov. Pravovedenie vol.3 pp. 221-246
  • (translated jointly with Mikhail Antonov) Melkevik B. 'Filosofiya prava v potoke sovremennosti' (Russian translation of Bjarne Melkevik 'La philosophie du droit dans le tourbillon de la modernité') in Rossiiskiy ezhegodnik teorii prava (Moskva: Universitetskii izdatelskiy konsortzium Yuridicheskaya kniga, 2009) pp.527-545
  • Melkevik B. 'Pashukanis: marksistskaya interpretatziya Morissa Oriu' (Russian translation of Bjarne Melkevik 'Pasukanis: une lecture marxiste de Maurice Hauriou') in Filosofiya prava v Rossii: istoriya i sovremennost Materialy tretikh filosofsko-pravovyh chtenii pamyati akademika V. S. Nersesyantza (Moscva: Norma, 2009) pp.273-279
  • Melkevik B. 'Priroda – subyekt prava? (kriticheskoe filosofskoe issledovanie)' (Russian translation of Bjarne Melkevik 'La nature, un sujet de droit? Interrogation philosophique et critique') in Yuridicheskaya nauka v XXI veke: teoreticheskie razrabotki i prakticheskie voplosheniya: Materialy mezhdunarodnoi nauchnoi konferenciy.(Orel, 2008) pp. 30-48.