DFID Postdoctoral Research Fellow

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PhD Supervisees

Gulay Firatli  'The rights and obligations of coastal States in undelimited/contested maritime areas.'


Christine Bell, Sanja Badanjak, 'Introducing PA-X: A new peace agreement database and dataset', (2019), Journal of Peace Research
Abstract: This article introduces PA-X a peace agreement database designed to improve understanding of negotiated pathways out of conflict (available at www.peaceagreements.org),. PA-X enables scholars, mediators, conflict parties, and civil society actors to systematically compare how peace and transition processes formalise negotiated commitments in an attempt to move towards peace. PA-X provides an archive and comprehensive census of peace agreements using a broad definition to capture agreements at all phases of peace processes in both intrastate and interstate conflict, from 1990 to 2016. These comprise ceasefire, pre-negotiation, substantive partial and comprehensive, and implementation agreements, disaggregated by country/entity, region, conflict type, agreement type, and stage of agreement totalling >1,500 agreements in >140 peace and transition processes. PA-X provides the full text of agreements, and qualitative and quantitative coding of 225 categories relating to politics, law, security, development, and implementation. Data can be aggregated or merged with conflict datasets, effectively providing many datasets within one database. PA-X supports new comparative research on peace agreements, but also on peace processes - enabling tracing of how actors and issues change over time - to inform understandings of conflict termination. We illustrate PA-X applications by showing that an intricate peace process history may reduce the likelihood of conflict recurrence, and that cumulative provisions addressing elections see the quality of subsequent post-conflict elections improve.

Astrid Jamar, Sanja Badanjak, 'Electing peace: from civil conflict to political participation. By Aila M. Matanock. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2017. ', (2018), International affairs, Vol 94, pp 1458-1459

Einion Dafydd, Sanja Badanjak, 'Electoral accountability, responsibility attributions, and the democratic deficit in devolved Wales ', (2018), Parliamentary Affairs, pp 1-24
Abstract: This study explores electoral accountability at the devolved level in Wales. The retrospective voting model assumes that electoral accountability requires that citizens assign responsibility accurately and vote on the basis of their evaluation of government performance. Drawing on data from the 2016 Welsh Election Study, we examine whether citizens in Wales can identify devolved policy competences and office holders, and identify factors that are linked to accurate attributions. We then examine whether voters seek to use devolved elections as a sanctioning tool, even if they do not have the information required to do so accurately. The findings indicate that there is an acute accountability deficit at the devolved level in Wales: few have the knowledge or the inclination to hold those in power to account. The conclusion discusses the implications of these findings for democracy in Wales and in other multi-level settings.

Sanja Badanjak, '(Un)intended Consequences of EU Parliamentary Elections ', (2018), Party Politics, Vol 24, pp 609-610


Sanja Badanjak, 'The normative power of the EU in Croatia Mixed results' in The EU and Member State Building (Taylor and Francis Inc. 2014) 57-82

Working Papers

Sanja Badanjak, 'Banks, Central Banks, and Banking Regulations in Peace Agreements ' 2019
Abstract: A comprehensive post-conflict political settlement may often need provisions on some form of financial governance. The need for financial regulation is often exacerbated by the circumstances of the conflict-affected area itself, as in cases of complete destruction of the institutions that regulate the economy, or when new states require a new set of such institutions. Even if no comprehensive peace settlement is produced in the peace process, other types of agreements can be expected to occasionally contain provisions on banks and banking, at least to the extent that they are part of a process that aims to create conditions for regular functioning of the society and the economy.