Emeritus Professor of Anthropology of Law

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Anne Grifiths is Professor of Anthropology of Law at the School of Law, University of Edinburgh. Her research research focuses on anthropology of law, comparative and family law, African law, gender, culture and rights. It explores the study of law through an anthropological perspective based on ethnographically grounded in-depth field studies. This perspective highlights people’s understandings, experiences and use of law in everyday life in order to focus on their perspectives on law. It has examined the gendered dimensions of women’s lives over a thirty year period, and has also explored children, young people, and families experiences and perceptions of legal proceedings in Scotland and the USA, in the context of children in need of supervision or care.

Her approach provides a counterpoint to textual and doctrinal analyses of law promoted by formal models and challenges conventional legal theory by extending the scope of what constitutes a legitimate focus for legal inquiry. By drawing together the threads of ‘public’ and ‘private’ dimensions of social life my scholarship has not only contributed to feminist scholarship on law but also to broader debates in the social sciences concerning the relationship between power, law, and discourse. It highlights the importance of law in an interdisciplinary context that has an impact on transnational issues, such as human rights. It contributes to debates on globalisation and access to justice, that seek to reappraise the relationship between international, regional, national and local arenas, and the effects of plural legal orders both within and across these domains.

Her major publications include In the Shadow of Marriage: Gender and Justice in an African Community published in 1997; Mobile People, Mobile Law: Expanding Legal Relations in a Contracting World (2005), Spatializing Law: An Anthropological Geography of Law in Society (2009) and The Power of Law in a Transnational World: Anthropological Enquiries, (all three co-edited with Franz and Keebet von Benda-Beckmann); From Transnational Relations to Transnational Law: Northern European Laws at the Crossroads (2011, co-edited with A. Hellum and S.S. Ali); Family Law (Scotland) (4th edition 2015, co-authored with J. Fotheringham and F. McCarthy); Subjectivity, Citizenship and Belonging in Law: Identities and Intersections(2017) co-edited with s. Mustassari and A, M. Petaja-Leinonen.

Anne has held visiting appointments at various institutions including distinguished visiting professor at the faculty of Law, University of Toronto, Senior Research Fellow at the International Research Centre on Work and the Human Lifecycle in Global History (IKG), Humboldt University, Berlin, Visiting Fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology, Halle/Saale, Germany, International Institute for the Sociology of Law, Oñati – Gipuzkoa, Spain, The University of Texas at Austin, School of Law, the Southern and Eastern African Regional Centre for Women’s Law at the University of Zimbabwe and the University of Witwatersrand, South Africa. She has also has held major research grants from the British Academy, the Leverhulme Trust, the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research (USA), Annenberg Foundation (USA) and the ESRC, among other bodies, and has undertaken consultancy work for various organisations including the British Council and NORAD (the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation) and the Danish Institute for Human rights. She has also been past President of the Commission on Folk Law and Legal Pluralism, a branch of the International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences and continues to serve on the Executive Body of the Commission.

Research Interests

Her current research focus is on access to and control over land in southern Africa and how this plays out in the global domain, as well as on reducing poverty through potting as a means to security, enhancing women’s livelihoods in Botswana. It is enhanced by teaching co-teaching the module on the Anthropology and Sociology of Law and Development and the fieldwork skills module on the newly established European Doctorate in Law and Development (EDOLAD, 2015) which represents a new PhD programme that involves a consortium of universities including Edinburgh (Scotland), Tilburg (Netherlands), Oslo (Norway), Duesto (Spain), Tartu (Estonia) and Northwest University (South Africa). 


Professor Anne Griffiths's Homepage at Edinburgh Law School

PhD Supervisees

Himani Bhakuni  'Clinical Trials, Consent, and Context: The Indian Experience'

Books and Reports

Anne Griffiths, Sanna Mustasaari, Anna Mäki-Petajä-Leinonen, Subjectivity, Citizenship and Belonging in Law: Identities and Intersections, (Routledge, 2016)
Abstract: This collection of articles critically examines legal subjectivity and ideas of citizenship inherent in legal thought. The chapters offer a novel perspective on current debates in this area by exploring the connections between public and political issues as they intersect with more intimate sets of relations and private identities. Covering issues as diverse as autonomy, vulnerability and care, family and work, immigration control, the institution of speech, and the electorate and the right to vote, they provide a broader canvas upon which to comprehend more complex notions of citizenship, personhood, identity and belonging in law, in their various ramifications.

Anne Griffiths, John Fotheringham, Frankie McCarthy, Family Law, (W. Green, 2015)

Shaheen Sardar Ali, Anne Griffiths, Anne Hellum, From Transnational Relations to Transnational Laws: Northern European Laws at the Crossroads, (Routledge, 2010)
Abstract: This book approaches law as a process embedded in transnational personal, religious, communicative and economic relationships that mediate between international, national and local practices, norms and values. It uses the concept "living law" to describe the multiplicity of norms manifest in transnational moral, social or economic practices that transgress the territorial and legal boundaries of the nation-state. Focusing on transnational legal encounters located in family life, diasporic religious institutions and media events in countries like Norway, Sweden, Britain and Scotland, it demonstrates the multiple challenges that accelerated mobility and increased cultural and normative diversity is posing for Northern European law. For in this part of the world, as elsewhere, national law is challenged by a mixture of expanding human rights obligations and unprecedented cultural and normative pluralism enhanced by expanding global communication and market relations. As a consequence, transnationalization of law appears to create homogeneity, fragmentation and ambiguity, expanding space for some actors while silencing others. Through the lens of a variety of important contemporary subjects, the authors thus engage with the nature of power and how it is accommodated, ignored or resisted by various actors when transnational practices encounter national and local law.

Anne Griffiths, Franz von Benda-Beckmann, Keebet von Benda-Beckmann, The Power of Law in a Transnational World, (Berghahn Books, 2009)
Abstract: How is law mobilized and who has the power and authority to construct its meaning? This important volume examines this question as well as how law is constituted and reconfigured through social processes that frame both its continuity and transformation over time. The volume highlights how power is deployed under conditions of legal pluralism, exploring its effects on livelihoods and on social institutions, including the state. Such an approach not only demonstrates how the state, through its various development programs and organizational structures, attempts to control territory and people, but also relates the mechanisms of state control to other legal modes of control and regulation at both local and supranational levels.

Anne Griffiths, Franz von Benda-Beckmann, Keebet von Benda-Beckmann, The Power of Law in a Transnational World: Anthropological Enquiries, (Berghahn Books, 2009)
Abstract: How is law mobilized and who has the power and authority to construct its meaning? This important volume examines this question as well as how law is constituted and reconfigured through social processes that frame both its continuity and transformation over time. The volume highlights how power is deployed under conditions of legal pluralism, exploring its effects on livelihoods and on social institutions, including the state. Such an approach not only demonstrates how the state, through its various development programs and organizational structures, attempts to control territory and people, but also relates the mechanisms of state control to other legal modes of control and regulation at both local and supranational levels.

Anne Griffiths, Franz von Benda-Beckmann, Keebet von Benda-Beckmann, Spatializing Law: An Anthropological Geography of Law in Society, (Ashgate Publishing, 2009)
Abstract: Spatializing Law: An Anthropological Geography of Law in Society focuses on law and its location, exploring how spaces are constructed on the terrestrial and marine surface of the earth with legal means in a rich variety of socio-political, legal and ecological settings. The contributors explore the interrelations between social spaces and physical space, highlighting the ways in which legal rules may localise people's rights and obligations in social space that may be mapped onto physical space. This volume also demonstrates how different notions of space and place become resources that can be mobilised in social, political and economic interaction, paying specific attention to the contradictory ways in which space may be configured and involved in social interaction under conditions of plural legal orders. Spatialising Law makes a significant contribution to the anthropological geography of law and will be useful to scholars across a broad array of disciplines.

Anne Griffiths, L. Edwards, Family Law, (Thomson/W Green, 2006)

Anne Griffiths, Franz von Benda-Beckmann, Keebet von Benda-Beckmann, Mobile People, Mobile Law: Expanding Legal Relations in a Contracting World, (Ashgate Publishing, 2005)
Abstract: Demonstrating how users of law, who often operate in multi-sited situations, are forced to deal with increasingly complex legal circumstances, this volume focuses on political and social processes through which people appropriate, use and create legal forms in mulitiple legal settings.

Jude Murison, Anne Griffiths, K. King, Remaking Law in Africa: Transnationalism, Persons and Rights, (University of Edinburgh, 2004)

Anne Griffiths, Christina Ashton, David Brand, James Chalmers, Vic Craig, Stuart Cross, Valerie Finch, Alasdair Gordon, Hector MacQueen, Fundamentals of Scots Law, (Thomson/W Green, 2003)
Abstract: Fundamentals of Scots Law is a clear and comprehensive account of a broad range of the legal areas studied by students studying Scots law, or law as part of another course in Scotland. Included are chapter summaries, further reading lists and sample examination questions and answers.

Anne Griffiths, Jane Scoular, Claire McDiarmid, Elaine Sutherland, Margaret L. Ross, Kenneth McK Norrie, Clare Connelly, Alison Cleland, Family Dynamics: Contemporary Issues in Family Law, (LexisNexis UK, 2001)
Abstract: Written by a team of Scotland's leading academics, this is an invigorating edited collection dealing with the key issues in family law from a socio-legal and theoretical perspective. It broadens the study of family law beyond case law and legislation by engaging the reader in the current debates surrounding family law. It will be of interest to students, academics and family lawyers both in Scotland and abroad.

Anne Griffiths, Lilian Edwards, Family Law, (W. Green, 1997)
Abstract: Family Law is an addition to the Greens Concise Scots Law series, giving practical and authoritative analysis on this key area of Scots law. Taking full account of all important recent legislation, such as the Children (Scotland) Act 1995, special attention is paid to the increasing use of negotiation and mediation in divorce.

Anne Griffiths, In the Shadow of Marriage: Gender and Justice in an African Community, (University of Chicago Press, 1997)
Abstract: This is a comparison between the traditional customary legal system and the colonial common law of courts and magistrates in Botswana. It sets out to show how the structure of both legal institutions is based on power and gender relations which heavily favour males. Griffiths' analysis is based on careful observation of how people actually experience the law as well as the more standard tools of statutes and cases familiar to Western legal scholars. She explains how women's access to law is determined by social relations over which they have little control. In this powerful feminist critique of law and anthropology, Griffiths shows how law and custom are inseparable for Kwena women. Both colonial common law and customary law pose comparable and constant challenges to Kwena women's attempts to improve their positions in society.

Anne Griffiths, Report on Violence and Safety for Gender and Scottish Society: Polities, Policies and Participation, (Unit for the Study of Government in Scotland, University of Edinburgh, 1996)

Anne Griffiths, R. Kuppe, M. Wiber, Group Rights: Strategies for Assisting the Fourth World, Law and Anthropology, (VWGO-Verlag, 1990)


Phenyo Thebe, Anne Griffiths, Goitseone Molatlhegi, Edwin N. Wilmsen, David Killick, 'Making pots in Manaledi: People, material, history', (2018), Botswana notes and records, Vol 50, pp 44-58
Abstract: The Manaledi clay mine is composed of two shallow, linear quarries, one producing a red clay and the other a white clay; these are mixed together in proportion of two parts red to one part white to compose a strong potting clay. The mine and clays are closely associated with village ancestors and various proscriptions must be observed during mining and potting. Archaeological survey has found Zhizo and Happy Rest sherds as well as iron smelting furnaces. Microscopic examination of these sherds along with contemporary Manaledi pots has revealed that this clay has been used by makers of pottery since the Early Iron Age about 1400 years ago and continues to be used today. We report here a brief summary of the evidence for this long history of potting and current Manaledi conceptions of their relation to the latter part of this history.

Anne Griffiths, 'Broadening the Legal Academy, the study of Customary Law: The case for social-scientific and anthropological perspectives', (2017), Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal, Vol 20, pp 1-23
Abstract: This article explores the need for a more broadly based understanding of law, especially in the context of undertaking research in customary law. It examines the limitations of doctrinal legal scholarship involving a "black letter" approach to law, and discusses why more social-scientific and anthropological approaches are crucial for understanding what customary law entails. In doing so, it highlights the specific conditions under which people, especially women, have access to resources and how this shapes their power to negotiate with one another in daily life, as well as, in a legal forum. The article argues that such a perspective is not simply necessary to comprehend customary law, but should be applied more generally. This is in order to pursue an understanding of law in all its dimensions from negotiations in daily life, to alternative dispute forums and courts, in order to analyse and address the inequalities that arise in order to promote a more inclusive, non-discriminatory environment. Such a perspective is important in an age where law has a more global reach, extending beyond state boundaries and where what is local comes together with transnational, national and regional forces to provide an understanding of how external interventions become embodied with a diverse and localised set of meanings and practices, especially in an African context, that give rise to the uneven and varying effects of globalisation.

Edwin N. Wilmsen, Anne Griffiths, Phenyo Thebe, David Killick, Goitseone Molatlhegi, 'Moijabana rocks-Pilikwe pots: The acceleration of clay formation by potters employing simple mechanical means', (2016), Ethnoarchaeology, Vol 8, pp 137-157
Abstract: Throughout the history of potting in Botswana, from about CE200 to the present, potters have used a variety of clays. Alluvial clays are favored by most potters today, but petrographic analyses show that prehistoric potters preferred primary clays directly derived from granite and basalt. Fortunately, a few potters in the region today still use granite-derived clays. We trace the processes by which potters of Pilikwe village mine weathered granite from a source at Moijabana and transform it through a series of crushing, pounding, sifting, and wetting actions into a paste that can be used the following day to form pots. These mechanical operations accelerate natural rock weathering processes that form clays and in a single day achieve what in nature takes thousands of years. Successive stages of clay collection and processing were observed, recorded, and filmed; samples from each stage were subsequently analyzed by thin-section optical petrography. Fabrics of pots made from this processed clay were analyzed by identical means and compared with the raw materials.

Anne Griffiths, 'Embodied Histories: Exploring Law's Temporality in Relation to Land in Botswana', (2014), Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law, Vol 46, pp 37-59
Abstract: This paper addresses the temporalities of law in the context of everyday lives and people's access to and control over land in Botswana. Based on the life histories of two family groups, the Makokwes and the Radipatis, over several generations, it demonstrates how individuals’ access to resources alters and reconfigures in tune with household and family cycles across space and time, leading to varying life trajectories. These trajectories demonstrate how these related families come to experience different life worlds that have an impact on their access to and control over land. Such life histories are important because they foreground the ways in which what is happening in the present links back to the past and points forward to the future, in ways that undermine any notion of a unilinear development or concept of progress. They also highlight how life courses in the present have emerged from complex, past histories that have a bearing on their potential for future development. This produces very different experiences of temporality for individuals and families linked into the networks of which they form part. Such an approach reveals the temporalities of geometries of power and social relations, in which law plays an important role. These processes that are constantly in the making highlight the politically charged dynamics of time, space and place that provide both the limits and potential for action through multi-layered domains giving rise to differing understandings about the regulation of land in Botswana today.

Anne Griffiths, 'Re-envisioning the Local: Spatiality, Land and Law in Botswana', (2013), International Journal of Law in Context, Vol 9, pp 213-238
Abstract: Based on an ethnographic study located in Botswana, I move beyond conceptions of the local as physically or territorially grounded to one that examines how it is constituted through links between persons and land derived from life histories extended over several generations. This not only takes account of a specific site in which social relations are bounded and locally constituted but also how perceptions of locality are discursively and historically constructed. Viewing land as both a tangible and intangible universe constructed through social relationships, I highlight ways in which individuals, as part of a ‘local’ community, find their life courses shaped by wider transnational and global processes, including law, that have an impact on their everyday lives. For some, this provides opportunities for upward mobility and future gains, while others find scope for action severely curtailed. In documenting these uneven, diverse effects of globalisation what emerges are processes of ‘internalisation’ and ‘relocalisation’ of global conditions allowing for the emergence of new identities, alliances and struggles for space and power within specific populations. Thus what exists in the here and now as a form of temporality is constantly remade, drawing on the past while fashioning new prospects for the future.

Anne Griffiths, 'Pursuing Legal Pluralism: The Power of Paradigms in a Global World', (2011), Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law, Vol 43, pp 173-202
Abstract: The Jubilee Congress of the Commission on Legal Pluralism took place at the University of Cape Town in September 2011, and celebrated thirty years of the Commission’s role in understanding legal pluralism worldwide. Members have engaged in many debates over what constitutes legal pluralism and how it is to be perceived. From its inception in 1981, in Bellagio, Italy there was heated discussion about what to call law other than state law and how to identify its characteristics. Such debates continue today, and this paper highlights some arenas in which contestations over law and legal pluralism have particular salience. It highlights a number of domains in which the highly mobile and contingent nature of law is revealed, through the ways in which law is spatialized, representing multi-faceted dimensions of legal pluralism that are constantly in the making. Such a vision is at odds with the more traditional views of legal pluralism that are framed in terms of a state centred paradigm.

Anne Griffiths, 'Delivering Justice: The Changing Gendered Dynamics of Land Tenure in Botswana', (2011), Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law, Vol 43, pp 231-62
Abstract: This article argues for the important role of social networks in legal pluralism contexts, and in doing so for the importance of moving beyond abstract assertions about law and legal processes. It is based on an in-depth study (2009-2010) of women’s access to and control over land in Botswana, within a legal pluralist context where the state is highly heterogeneous and where customary and statutory law administer land through varying institutions that derive their power from a constellation of sources. The article shows that a much higher proportion of women now gain formal customary land titles and certificates than was the case 25 years ago. This overall reflects that access to land is no longer influenced as much by gender as by 'class'. The latter represents a constellation of factors that contribute to the accumulation of human, social as well as economic capital. While improvements in women’s access to land are partly owed to changes in land law, the role of Land Boards, and the influence of human rights NGOs, access to land is strongly influenced by social networks and informal transactions. What is crucial are the factors that contribute to the social networks that individuals can draw on, which have an impact on their capacity to negotiate poverty and access to justice in both formal and informal domains. Legal pluralism within this context reflects mutually constitutive processes that draw on and intersect with the social dimensions of everyday life. These insights ought to have an important bearing on the strategies of international development agencies’ focus on the linkages between poverty reduction, access to justice and property rights.

Anne Griffiths, 'Law, Space and Place: Reframing Comparative Law and Legal Anthropology', (2009), Law & Social Inquiry, Vol 34, pp 495-507

Anne Griffiths, R. F. Kandel, 'Children’s Confidentiality at the Crossroad: Challenges for the Scottish Children’s Hearings System', (2006), Journal of Social Welfare & Family Law, Vol 28, pp 137-152
Abstract: This article analyses the role played by panel members in the Scottish Children's Hearings System. In particular, the article focuses on the ways in which panel members attempts to involve children in the decision‐making process by seeking their views. Section 46 of Part II of the Children (Scotland) Act 1995 comes in for particular attention in this regard as it empowers panel members to clear the room in order to speak privately with the child. Based on interviews with 40 panel members, the article considers the use of discretion in relation to confidentiality and the general level of confidence in current policy given that the section, as currently drafted, requires disclosure to excluded parties of the substance of what has been said in their absence. The authors outline various ways in which panel members negotiate the interpretation of ‘substance’ and reveal significant areas of discomfort relating to their current practice and examine the Scottish Executive's proposals for reform.

Anne Griffiths, R. F. Kandel, 'Reconfiguring Personhood: From Ungovernability to Parent Adolescent Autonomy Conflict Actions', (2003), Syracuse Law Review, Vol 55, pp 995-1065

Anne Griffiths, 'Remaking Law: Gender Ethnography and Legal Discourse: (Review article of 'Pronouncing and Perservering: Gender and the Discourses of Disputing in an African Islamic Court', by S. Hirsh, University of Chicago Press (1997))', (2002), Law and Society Review, Vol 35, pp 101-14

Anne Griffiths, 'Women's worlds: siblings in dispute over inheritance: A view from Botswana', (2002), Africa Today, Vol 49, pp 61-82
Abstract: The relationship between women, language, and law in the context of two inheritance disputes that took place in the village of Molepolole, in Botswana, southern Africa, features siblings jockeying for control over their deceased parents' property under customary law. Two cases have been selected because they illustrate (a) how claims are processed within a given framework where the terms of reference are set and both parties proceed on the basis of a common set of understandings, and (b) how claims may be processed where one party challenges the given framework by shifting the terms of reference, thereby creating possibilities for change and new forms of discourse. In both cases, the women find themselves operating within a gendered environment where men generally have better access to resources than women. Irrespective of their position within social networks, women are still faced with negotiating their status and rights to property in terms of deeply embedded conceptions of family and the women's role therein. It is that which frames the ways in which their claims to property are acknowledged and received.

Anne Griffiths, 'Gender Power and Difference: Reconfiguring Law from Bakwena Women's Perspectives ', (2000), PoLAR: Political and Legal Anthropology Review, Vol 23, pp 89-106

Anne Griffiths, R. Kandel, 'Hearing Children in Children's Hearings ', (2000), Child and Family Law Quarterly, Vol 3, pp 283-300

Anne Griffiths, 'Comment on 'Reconciliation and Revenge in Post-Apartheid South Africa: Rethinking Legal Pluralism and Human Rights', by R.A. Wilson in Current Anthropology ', (2000), Current Anthropology, Vol 41, pp 89

Anne Griffiths, 'Gendered Narratives: Botswana Women's Perspectives on Marriage, Law and Property', (1998), Kroeber Anthropological Society, Vol 83, pp 56-68

Anne Griffiths, 'Mediation, Gender, Justice in Botswana ', (1998), Mediation Quarterly, Vol 15, pp 335-42

Anne Griffiths, 'Reconfiguring Law: An Ethnographic Perspective from Botswana', (1998), Law & Social Inquiry, Vol 23, pp 587-620

Anne Griffiths, 'Legal Pluralism in Botswana: Women's Access to Law', (1998), Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law, Vol 30, pp 123-38

Anne Griffiths, 'Legal Pluralism in Africa: The Role of Gender and Women's Access to Law', (1996), PoLAR: Political and Legal Anthropology Review, Vol 19, pp 93-108

Anne Griffiths, 'Between Paradigms: Differing Perspectives on Justice in Molepolole, Botswana', (1996), Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law, Vol 28, pp 195-214

Anne Griffiths, 'Review of 'A Little God: The Twilight of Patriarchy in a Southern African Chiefdom' by Diana Wylie ', (1993), Identities - Journal for Politics, Gender, and Culture, Vol 2, pp 112-16

Anne Griffiths, 'The 'Women’s Question' in Kwena Family Disputes ', (1991), Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law, Vol 23, pp 223-54

Anne Griffiths, 'Women, Status and Power: Negotiation in Family Disputes in Botswana', (1989), Cornell International Law Journal, Vol 22, pp 575-622

Anne Griffiths, 'The Problem of Informal Justice: Family Dispute Processing Among the Bakwena: A Case Study', (1986), International Journal of the Sociology of Law, Vol 14, pp 359-76

Anne Griffiths, 'Support for Women with Dependent Children under the Customary System of the Bakwena and the Roman-Dutch Common Law and Statutory Law of Botswana ', (1984), Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law, Vol 16, pp 1-15

Anne Griffiths, 'Legal Duality: Conflict or Concord in Botswana?', (1983), Journal of African Law, Vol 27, pp 150-61
Abstract: This paper is concerned with the relationship that exists between Customary and Common law in Botswana. Does it promote conflict or concord? This will be explored with reference to the general relationship between the two systems and in the particular context of marriage, divorce and division of property. One may argue for the conflict approach if one views the systems as ppositional or one may argue that there is concord by acquiescence, given the subordinate position occupied by Customary law within the national legal system of Botswana. The aim of this paper is to do neither, but rather, to show that “duality” with its implications of separateness is inappropriate, that the two systems are linked and have a symbiotic relationship, one which involves a process of mutual adaptation. The aim of this paper is to show that any conflict or concord that exists should not be defined in terms of systems viewed as independent isolated units or in terms of labels such as “Common” or “Customary” law but rather in terms of values which relate to mode of life and attach themselves to certain kinds of property. Within the national legal system of Botswana Customary and Common law co-exist. Customary law is defined as being “in relation to any particular tribe or tribal community the customary law of that tribe or tribal community so far s it is not incompatible with the provisions of any written law or contrary tomorality, humanity or natural justice”.

Anne Griffiths, E. Sutherland, 'Matrimonial Homes (Family Protection) Scotland Bill ', (1981), Scots Law Times, pp 165-69


Anne Griffiths, 'Land, space and place Perspectives from Botswana' in Framing the Global (Indiana University Press 2017)

Anne Griffiths, Sanna Mustasaari, Anna Mäki-Petajä-Leinonen, 'Families. Identity and belonging Rethinking personhood and property in Botswana' in Anne Griffiths, Sanna Mustasaari, Anna Mäki-Petajä-Leinonen (ed.) Subjectivity, Citizenship and Belonging in Law (Routledge 2016) 193-213

Anne Griffiths, 'Customary Law ' in Hilary Callan (ed.) International Encyclopedia of Anthropology (Wiley 2016)

Anne Griffiths, 'Engaging with the global Perspectives on land from Botswana' in HIlary Kahn (ed.) Framing the Global (Indiana University Press 2014) 112-136

Anne Griffiths, 'Reviewing Legal Pluralism ' in Reza Banakar, Max Travers (ed.) Law and Social Theory (Hart Publishing 2013) 269-86

Anne Griffiths, Franz von Benda-Beckmann, Keebet von Benda-Beckmann, 'Space and Legal Pluralism An Introduction' in Franz von Benda-Beckmann, Keebet von Benda-Beckmann, Anne Griffiths (ed.) Spatializing Law (Ashgate Publishing 2009) 1-29

Anne Griffiths, Randy Kandel, 'Half Told Truths and Partial Silence Managing Communication in Scottish Children’s Hearings' in Franz von Benda-Beckmann, Keebet von Benda-Beckmann, Anne Griffiths (ed.) The Power of Law in a Transnational World (Berghahn Books 2009) 176-195

Anne Griffiths, Randy F. Kandel, 'The Myth of the Transparent Table Reconstructing Space and Legal Intervention in Scottish Children's Hearings' in Franz von Benda-Beckmann, Keebet von Benda-Beckmann, Anne Griffiths (ed.) Spatializing Law (Ashgate Publishing 2009) 157-176

Anne Griffiths, 'Anthropological Perspectives on Legal Pluralism and Governance in a Transnational World ' in Michael Freeman, David Napier (ed.) Law and Anthropology (Oxford University Press 2009) 164-86
Abstract: This chapter presents case studies that illuminate how different actors make and maintain law in various settings that represent very diverse constellations of power. They explore the ways in which law constitutes and legitimates power by analyzing different activities through which it is exercised, including its decisional, regulatory, and discursive properties. For law plays an important part in creating, producing, and enforcing meanings of concepts such as ‘justice’, ‘authority’, and ‘rights’; and in instantiating notions of ‘legality’ that may be invoked by different social actors in their construction of hegemonic and counter-hegemonic discourses.

Anne Griffiths, Randy Kandel, 'The Governance of Children From Welfare Justice to Proactive Regulation in the Scottish Children’s Hearings System' in Franz Von Benda-Beckmann, Keebet von Benda-Beckmann, Julia Eckert (ed.) Rules of Law and Laws of Ruling (Ashgate Publishing 2009) 171-190

Anne Griffiths, 'Networking Resources A Gendered Perspective on Kwena Women's Property Rights' in Hilary Lim, Anne Bottomley (ed.) Feminist Perspectives on Land Law (Routledge-Cavendish 2007) 217-238

Anne Griffiths, 'Customary Law in a Transnational World Legal Pluralism Revisited' in Richard A. Benton (ed.) Conversing with the Ancestors (Te Matahauariki Institute, University of Waikato 2006) 9-35

Anne Griffiths, 'Making Gender Visible in Law Kwena Women’s Access to Power and Resources' in Anne Hellum (ed.) Human Rights, Plural Legalities and Gendered Realities (Weaver Press and Southern and Eastern African Regional Centre for Women’s law (SEARCWL) 2006) 139-163

Anne Griffiths, 'Using Ethnography as a Tool in Legal Research An Anthropological Perspective' in Reza Banakar, Max Travers (ed.) Theory and Method in Socio-Legal Research (Hart Publishing 2005) 113-131

Anne Griffiths, 'Introduction ' in Jude Murison, Anne Griffiths, Kenneth King (ed.) Remaking Law in Africa (Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh 2004) 1-23

Anne Griffiths, 'Family Law ' in Fundamentals of Scots Law (Thomson/W Green 2003) 453-518

Anne Griffiths, 'Legal Pluralism ' in Reza Banakar, Max Travers (ed.) An Introduction to Law and Social Theory (Hart Publishing 2002) 289-310

Anne Griffiths, 'Doing Ethnography Living Law, Life Histories and Narratives from Botswana' in June Starr, Mark Goodale (ed.) Practicing Ethnography in Law (Palgrave/St. Martin's Press 2002) 160-81

Anne Griffiths, 'Botswana ' in Herbert M. Kritzer (ed.) Legal Systems of the World (ABC-CLIO, Santa Barbara/Oxford 2002) 180-87

Anne Griffiths, 'Reconceiving Families and the Ties that Bind A More Inclusive Approach?' in Jane Scoular (ed.) Family Dynamics (LexisNexis UK 2001) 71-103

Anne Griffiths, 'Gendering Culture Towards a Plural Perspective on Kwena Women's Rights' in Jane K Cowan, Marie-Benedicte Dembour, Richard A Wilson (ed.) Culture and Rights (Cambridge University Press 2001) 102-26
Abstract: This chapter adopts a gendered perspective on rights and culture which highlights how women and men negotiate their procreative relationships and the claims that arise from this in daily life in Botswana. Based on research carried out in the village of Molepolole between 1982 and 1989, it is a local-level ethnographic study focused on the concrete and specific ways in which gender frames the relations of power up on which negotiations concerning family relationships among Bakwena are founded, through social actors' perspectives and experiences. It thus is aligned with the shift from conceptions of ‘culture’ as representing a static, homogenous, coherent unity to a view of culture as practice, embedded in local contexts and in the multiple realities of everyday life (Bourdieu 1977; Sahlins 1976; Strathern 1980). This framework, which conceives of culture as an ongoing process, allows us to acknowledge heterogeneity in the social and legal practices shaping people's worlds and their relationship with rights (see Merry, in this volume). We may then bring together for consideration culture, rights and law in ways that undermine simple dichotomies between rights and culture.

Anne Griffiths, 'Working Towards Consensus Children's Hearings in Scotland' in Pam Foley, Jeremy Roche, Stan Tucker (ed.) Children in Society (Palgrave Macmillan 2001) 121-32

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Anne Griffiths, 'Child Support in Botswana ' in Alice K. Armstrong, Welshman Ncube (ed.) Women and Law in Southern Africa (Zimbabwe Publishing House, Harare, Zimbabwe 1984) 164-78