From The Lucifer Effect To The Saint George Effect In Corrupt And Ineficient Institutions Of Criminal Law - Professor Dr. Enrique Cáceres Nieto, University of UNAM, Mexico
Joseph Bell Centre and SCRIPT Joint Seminar
|Event Starts:||18th Dec 2017 4:00pm|
|Event Ends:||18th Dec 2017 6:00pm|
|Location:||Neil MacCormick Room, David Hume Tower|
Joseph Bell Centre and SCRIPT joint seminar
From The Lucifer Effect to The Saint George Effect In Corrupt And Ineficient Institutions Of Criminal Law
Professor Dr. Enrique Cáceres Nieto, University of UNAM, Mexico
Complexity Sciences are producing a revolutionary effect in diverse disciplines: physics, biology, chemistry and social sciences, and the law seems to be absent to this transdisciplinary revolution. However, some researchers around the world have started to shown interest in the epistemic intersection between law and complexity, particularly at the United States of America, Brazil and México.
The goal of my talk will be to address this development in relation to some particular institutions, those in charge of determining legal responsibility in the field of criminal law. I claim that the efficiency of a legal system can not be assessed only on the formal validity of the judicial decisions. It must be assessed by the number of optimal legal decisions that it produces. By ´optimal decisions´ I understand those which satisfies the following three conditions: To be valid form the legal perspective; to be morally acceptable and to be epistemically justified. In relation to this last point in México, as in another Latin American countries, corrupt and inefficient dynamics has emerged within the institutions of criminal law (police, courts, Attorney General’s Office (PGR), forensic experts, etc) that produce legal decisions masked of legal validity, but lacking of epistemic justification. As a result of this institutional dynamics, innocent people is in prison even if there is not enough evidence for condemning them. An example of this situations is the case of Jacinta Francisco Marcial, an indigenous ñañu (otomí) sentenced to 21 years in prison for kidnapping six members of the Federal Investigation Agency (AFI) without evidence presented by the Attorney General’s Office (PGR).
In the talk, I will defend the hypothesis that the combination of an artificial intelligence system, new educational strategies for teaching law and the surveillance of civil society can produce the institutional turbulence that I call “the Saint George Effect” in opposition of The Lucifer Effect described by Phillipe Zimbardo that nowadays characterizes our institutions of criminal law.
Speaker: Prof.Caceres Nieto is Enrique Caceres Nieto is an internationally recognised expert in legal AI, and the leading researcher in this field in Mexico, having been the Principle Investigator in the Conacyt (The Mexican RCUK equivalent) large research project EXPERTIUS (Legal AI for family law, the first ever application of AI to law in Mexico) and currently leads a project with the Mexican Centre of Excellence in Forensic Science on Cognition, Law and AI in criminal investigations. He is also Coordinator and technical leader of the CONACYT Fronteras de la Ciencia (Frontiers in Science) project "Legal Constructivism, Cognition, Complexity and Law. He is a level C researcher at the flagship research university of the Mexican higher education system, UNAM,and Founding member of the International Institute of Law and Complexity and Presidential Counselor of the World Complexity Science Academy. He has been regular member of the programme committee of the JURIX and ICAIL (International Conference in AI and Law) conferences. At UNAM, he is the Director of the Institute on "Methodology of Research and Teaching of Law" and has lectured on AI in legal education in France, Italy, Spain, Germany, Poland, Belgium, United States, India, Costa Rica, Panama, Peru, Argentina, Colombia and Brazil.
This event is free, open to all and no registration is required.